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P Q R
S T U
V W X Y Z
To find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial.
Adjudged to be a Juvenile Offender
Court finding that the juvenile offender committed a criminal offense.
The process by which a case is brought from one court to a higher court for
A court event where defendants are notified of their rights and the charges
against them. They plead guilty or not guilty, and the terms of the defendants
pretrial release status are set or reviewed.
Bail or Bond
Defendants may be released from jail before trial if they post money, or
property, or a professional surety bond or a recognizance bond as a guarantee
they will appear for trial. A bond is a promise to pay money to the court
if the defendant does not appear for court hearings.
Burden of Proof
The prosecution must prove the defendant committed all the essential elements of
the crime to the jury's or court's satisfaction beyond any reasonable doubt, in
order to convict the defendant.
Provides for a sentence of death in certain circumstances where an adult
defendant is convicted of pre-meditated first degree murder. THE DEATH PENALTY
does not apply to juvenile offenders.
Child in need of care proceedings.
Commissioner of Juvenile Justice oversees the operation of the juvenile class
A community based intensive supervision program for non violent offenders.
A sworn statement charging a person with a criminal offense.
Upon conviction of multiple crimes, the defendant serves all sentences at the
A juvenile offender is released from the juvenile correctional facility under
supervision of a social worker or court service officer.
Upon conviction of multiple crimes, the defendant must serve one sentence after
Contempt of Court
The willful failure to obey a court order, or disrespectful or unacceptable
behavior in the presence of the court. Under Kansas law, all courts have the
power to punish a person found guilty of contempt.
A postponement of a trial or hearing to a later date that can be granted only by
To find a defendant guilty on a criminal charge.
Refers to the questions that the lawyer asks of the party or witnesses on the
opposing side of the case.
A person formally accused of a crime.
An attorney who represents a defendant.
Court appearance where a decision is made to release or detain the juvenile
Refers to the questions that a lawyer asks his own witness.
A decision by a judge to end the prosecution of a case without deciding whether
the defendant is guilty or not guilty.
The chief law enforcement official elected in a jurisdiction to represent the
State of Kansas. Of the 105 counties in Kansas only six (6) have elected
District Attorneys; Sedgwick, Wyandotte, Johnson, Shawnee, Douglas and Reno
counties. The remaining counties have County Attorneys.
A constitutional provision guaranteeing an accused person a fair and impartial
Any form of proof legally presented at a trial through witnesses, records,
The process by which a defendant is returned to the State of Kansas to stand
trial after arrest in another jurisdiction.
A serious crime, generally punishable by a term of incarceration in a state
A court event where the offender is first notified of his or her rights and the
charges filed against them. The terms of their possible pre-trial release are
The amount of time that will be reduced from the time required to be served in
prison based on good behavior.
When a defendant is convicted of premeditated first degree murder, the court may
order that the defendant serve a maximum of 50 calendar years without
benefit of parole.
Evidence based on what the witness has heard someone else say, rather than what
he/she has personally experienced.
A program where the defendant is placed on probation or pre-trial release,
confined to his/her home, and monitored by electronic devices and/or probation
Impeachment of Witness
An attack on the credibility or truthfulness of a witness' testimony.
The highest state residential security placement for juvenile offenders.
A person under the age of 18 years charged with a crime.
A question asked in such a way as to suggest the desired answer. Such questions
are prohibited on direct examination.
A less serious charge than a felony, generally punishable by a fine or term of
not more than one year in jail.
An erroneous or invalid trial; a trial declared defective and void due to error
in the proceeding.
Motion for Adult Prosecution (MAP)
A request by the District Attorney's Office that the juvenile offender be tried
as an adult because of the seriousness of the offense, the prior criminal record
of the juvenile or the demonstrated inability of the juvenile to be
rehabilitated in the juvenile justice system.
Motion for Extended Juvenile Jurisdiction Prosecution (MEJP)
May be filed if a juvenile commits a serious felony that requires adult
prosecution. A Motion for Extended Juvenile Jurisdiction Prosecution transfers
the entire case to adult court. A Motion for Extended Juvenile Jurisdiction
Prosecution allows imposition of an adult sentence if the juvenile violates the
provisions of the juvenile sentence or commits a new offense.
The defendant does not dispute or contest the State's evidence resulting in a
finding of guilty by the court.
Statement by an attorney opposing specific testimony or the attempted admission
Obstruction of Justice
Intimidating or tampering with a witness or juror to influence their actions.
A court's denial of any motion or objection raised to the court. If an objection
is overruled, the evidence or conduct objected to will be admitted for the
The early release of a person from prison under supervision.
Deliberate lying under oath; a felony offense.
Personal Recognizance Bond
Release of the accused by the judge on their promise to appear at a later date.
This decision is based upon the defendant's stability in the community and the
seriousness of the offense.
In court, the defendant's formal response to the charges: "How do you plead,
guilty or not guilty?"
The accused is entitled to a preliminary hearing where evidence is presented to
a judge to determine if there is enough to justify a trial.
Reasonable cause; having more evidence for than against; a reasonable belief
that a crime has or is being committed and is the basis for all lawful searches
The release, under conditions of good behavior, of a person convicted of a crime
as an alternative to imprisonment.
An attorney for the State of Kansas who presents evidence to convict a
A judge may order the defendant to pay something to the victim for fiscal losses
or personal injuries caused by the crime as a condition of the defendant's
A judgment imposing punishment by the court upon the defendant after conviction
in a criminal prosecution.
A written order to appear in court.
Sentence on which execution has been withheld by the court based on terms and
Court's acceptance of any motion or objection. If an objection is sustained, the
evidence or conduct objected to will not be admitted for the jury's
Any statement made by a witness under oath in a legal proceeding.
Formal decision made by a jury, read before the court, and accepted by the
judge; or in a bench trial a formal decision as to guilt made by a judge.
The person against whom a crime has been committed.
The person who testifies before a court under oath regarding what he/she has
seen, heard, or otherwise observed.
A program where the defendant is permitted to maintain employment while residing
Mission: To assure quality public services that provide for the present and future well-being of the citizens of Sedgwick County.
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