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Increase in Hepatitis A Cases in Sedgwick County

Confirmed Hepatitis A Cases in Sedgwick County Residents 

May 15 through September 17, 2021

Total Cases

Hospitalizations

New Cases

Week of Sept 10-Sept 17

421

320 (76%)

0

Exposures Identified in Confirmed Hepatitis A Cases in Sedgwick County Residents

May 15 through September 17, 2021

Some cases have multiple exposures.

IV Drug Use         

Drug Use (Non-injections)

Experiencing Homelessness

Travel (within  USA)

Correctional Facility Inmates

Other risk factors

No identified risk factors

204(48%)

110(26%)

77(18%)

16(4%)

25(6%)

73(17%)

23(5%)

* Other risk factors reported include history of men having sex with men, history of food exposure. There is no specific food sources such as grocery stores, a food brand, restaurant or kitchen staff has been identified in the Sedgwick County. The history of food exposure primarily include food exposures identified during their interviews.

** Medical records are reviewed for every case. If no risk factors are noted in medical record or patient interview, then the case is counted under “No Risk Factors Identified.”

The Sedgwick County Health Department and other local healthcare providers have identified more than 400 Sedgwick County residents who have been diagnosed with hepatitis A since May 2020. In all of 2019, four hepatitis A cases were reported.

Most of the cases are people who are experiencing homelessness or who use recreational drugs (injection and non- injection). Of the 421 cases, 320 have been hospitalized and five deaths have been identified. 

Hepatitis A is vaccine preventable and is caused by the hepatitis A virus. The virus is spread through exposure to the stool (poop) and blood of people who are infected. Close personal contact with an infected person or eating contaminated food or drink can transmit the hepatitis A virus.

Signs and symptoms of hepatitis A include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes), dark urine, diarrhea, clay-colored stool, stomach pain, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, fever, tiredness (fatigue), and joint pain. Symptoms usually last less than two months. The average time from exposure to symptoms is about 28 days.

Some people are more at risk for hepatitis A infection. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent hepatitis A infection. People recommended to receive hepatitis A vaccine include children aged 12-23 months and people at increased risk for infection or severe disease. Contact your medical provider or the Sedgwick County Health Department (316-660-7300).

What actions can I take?
• If you have symptoms of hepatitis A, contact your medical provider or a local clinic. Your contacts should be vaccinated to prevent the spread of this contagious disease.
• If you don’t have symptoms, check with a medical provider about vaccination.
• Wash your hands often. This will prevent the spread of hepatitis A and other infectious diseases.

What is the Sedgwick County Health Department doing to control the spread of disease?
• Hepatitis A is a reportable disease and so the Health Department receives all positive test results.
• Staff perform disease investigations on people who test positive, providing education and identifying where they may have been infected and who they have been in contact with while infectious. For contacts, the hepatitis A vaccine is recommended to prevent illness.
• Vaccine and staff are provided to specific clinics in Sedgwick County that serve people recommended to receive the hepatitis A vaccine.
• Education and awareness are provided to medical facilities and organizations. This helps to identify cases and vaccinate contacts.

References:

Sedgwick County Health Department Hepatitis A Fact Sheet [link]

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Hepatitis A, https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/index.htm

Mosquito Surveillance Report

The Culex species mosquitoes are the primary vector for West Nile virus in the United States. Protect yourself from mosquito bites by following the 3 D's: drain standing water, dress in long sleeves and pants when outside, and wear DEET containing insect repellent.

During the twenty-third week of mosquito surveillance, 47% of mosquitoes trapped were Culex species mosquitoes that can transmit West Nile virus.

No-cost mosquito dunks are available at the Sedgwick County Health Department. Call 316-660-7300 for more information.

Lead Poisoning Prevention Recipe Book

Lead Poisoning is when lead builds up in the body anywhere from months to years. No amount of lead is safe, especially for kids. Lead Poisoning is more dangerous in children younger than six, because it can affect their mental and physical development. At high levels, lead poisoning can be fatal. Some likely exposures are lead-based paint and lead-contaminated dust in older buildings. Contaminated water, soil, and air are other sources of exposure. Adults are also exposed to lead if they work with batteries, do home remodeling, go to a shooting range, or work in auto repair shops.

Some of the common symptoms in children include:

In Sedgwick County the most common causes of exposure are:

Because there is still so much unknown about lead, the best way to mitigate high levels is through diet. A diet that is rich is calcium, vitamin c, and iron will help lower the lead levels in children and adults. Sometimes it might be hard for families to know what foods contain these vitamins and mineral. This is where our recipe book comes in. With the recipe book online and available to the public many families would benefit from this. Our newly edited recipe book provides healthy food options for the whole family. Although the book was created to target families with children who have elevated blood lead levels, it can be used by everyone not just those affected by lead. Sometimes it might be hard to know ways to introduce vegetables to children and with some of the easy to make recipes available via the internet, parents have easier access to them and can bookmark them for future reference.

Please view the Lead Recipe Book here.

For more information, please view the Sedgwick County Blood Lead Fact Sheets for adults and children.

Notifiable Disease Investigations

Notifiable Diseases

Read about the epidemiology (disease investigation) program at the Sedgwick County Health Department