Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Facts and Details
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a virus called SARS-CoV-2 first discovered in December, 2019 in Wuhan, China. It is very contagious and has quickly spread around the world. COVID-19 most often causes respiratory symptoms that can feel much like a cold, a flu, or pneumonia, but COVID-19 can also harm other parts of the body. Most people with COVID-19 have mild symptoms, but some people can become severely ill. Older adults and people who have certain underlying medical conditions are at increased risk of severe illness.
How does COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 spreads when an infected person breathes out droplets and very small particles that contain the virus. These droplets and particles can be breathed in by other people or land on their eyes, noses, or mouth. In some circumstances, they may contaminate the surfaces they touch. People who are closer than 6 feet from the infected person are most likely to become infected.
COVID-19 spreads in three main ways:
- Breathing in air when close to an infected person who is breathing out small droplets and particles that contain the virus.
- Having these small droplets and particles that contain the virus land on the eyes, nose, or mouth, especially through coughs and sneezes.
- Touching eyes, nose, or mouth with hands that have the virus on them.
People are most likely to spread the disease when they have symptoms, but some people may spread the virus before they show symptoms.
What are the signs and symptoms of COVID-19?
People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. Anyone can have mild to severe symptoms. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
Older adults and people who have severe underlying medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications from COVID-19 illness.
How soon after exposure do symptoms start?
In general, symptoms appear 2 – 14 days after exposure.
How long can a person spread COVID-19?
Someone with COVID-19 may be contagious from two days before they show symptoms until 10 days after symptom onset or 72 hours after symptoms stop, whichever is longer.
Who is at risk for COVID-19?
People of any age, even children, can become infected with COVID-19. Adults are most affected and people over age 60 and adults who also have other health conditions are at greater risk for severe illness.
How can I help protect myself and my family?
You can prevent infection by doing the following:
- Get a COVID-19 vaccine for yourself and family members
- Wear a mask while indoors
- Practice social distancing by keeping at least 6 feet between you and others
- Stay home when you are sick
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
- Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated spaces
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
- Wash your hands often with soap and water
- Cover your cough or sneeze
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces
- Don’t share drinking cups or utensils with other people
- A list of products approved to kill coronavirus can be found HERE
Is there a vaccine?
At this time, there are three vaccines for COVID-19 in the United States:
- Comirnaty (Pfizer)
- Two-dose vaccine given 21 days apart
- Fully approved for use in individuals 16 and older, under Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for use in individuals 12 to 15
- Two-dose vaccine given 28 days apart
- Under EUA for use in individuals 18 and older
- Johnson and Johnson (J&)
- One-dose vaccine
- Under EUA for use in individuals 18 and older
For more information on the COVID-19 vaccines, visit www.sedgwickcounty.org/covid-19/vaccine/
To find a vaccine clinic near you, visit www.sedgwickcounty.org/covid-19/vaccine/clinic-locations/ or www.vaccines.gov
How is COVID-19 treated?
COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics won’t work. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved one drug, Remdesivir, to treat COVID-19 in certain situations. Most people with mild coronavirus illness will recover on their own by drinking plenty of fluids, resting, and taking pain and fever medications. However, some people have developed pneumonia and require medical care or hospitalization.
Can I take ivermectin to treat COVID-19?
No. The FDA has not approved ivermectin for use in treating or preventing COVID-19 in humans. Ivermectin tablets are approved at very specific doses for some parasitic worms. Ivermectin is not an anti-viral drug (a drug for treating viruses). Taking large doses of this drug is dangerous and can cause serious harm. There's a lot of misinformation around, and you may have heard that it's okay to take large doses of ivermectin. That is wrong. https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/why-you-should-not-use-ivermectin-treat-or-prevent-covid-19
What should I do if I recently traveled?
Please check the KDHE website for the most up-to-date travel restrictions. If you have traveled to one of the places on the dates mentioned, self-report travel by calling (316) 660-7300. If you have questions about recommendations, please call the Sedgwick County Health Department.
What does home quarantine or self-isolation mean?
Home quarantine or self-isolation means that you should remain at home and not attend school, work, or any other setting where you are not able to ALWAYS maintain a 6-foot distance from other people such as stores.
Testing for COVID-19
A laboratory test for the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 is performed by the state health department laboratory in Topeka or through commercial laboratories. A small swab from a person’s nose or throat or the person’s saliva is used for the test.
People with symptoms who are currently being tested for COVID-19 should remain in home isolation, or hospital isolation if symptoms are severe enough to be hospitalized until test results are available. People without symptoms may continue normal activities while awaiting test results.
- If the test result is negative, isolation is no longer required.
- If test results are positive for COVID-19, the person must remain in isolation until released by a health department.
For COVID-19 testing through the Sedgwick County Health Department and a list of other testing clinics around Sedgwick County, click here.
Who should be tested?
After infection with a virus, the level of virus in a person’s body increases over time and then decreases when your immune system fights it off. The COVID-19 test will be positive if the amount of virus in your body is high enough to be detected by the test.
- Symptoms are the best indication that the level of virus is detectable, but you can still test positive even if you don’t have symptoms.
A negative COVID-19 test could mean that you do not have the virus OR it could mean that you don’t have enough virus in your body for it to be detectable.
- Testing only indicates what is going on in your body at the time of the test
- A person with a negative test one day can test positive the next day or several days later if the amount of virus in their body increases, or if they are exposed after testing.
Knowing your risk of exposure and your symptoms on the day of testing are important for the lab to properly interpret your results.
What happens if someone tests positive for COVID-19?
If you test positive for COVID-19, you must remain at home for 10 days after you first noticed symptoms, or 72 hours after symptoms are gone, whichever is longer. You should stay away from other people in your home to avoid spreading the virus to them:
- If you can isolate in a room by yourself and use a separate bathroom that is the best. If you can’t, you should stay as far away from other household members as possible.
- Wear a mask when other people are present and maintain six feet distance
- Surfaces (like door knobs, tabletops, and bathroom fixtures) in your home should be disinfected daily
- You should not share food or personal items with other household members
The Health Department will help identify your close contacts, who will be referred to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) for follow-up. This only occurs if you give permission. Close contacts should complete the modified in-home quarantine as described below or as recommended by KDHE.
How do we test for COVID-19?
A healthcare provider obtains swabs deep in a person’s nose or throat for the test. The provider sends the swabs to a commercial laboratory or the state health department (Kansas Department of Health and Environment). Another option is through saliva testing, where the person being tested spits into a tube for the test.
Antibody and antigen tests are not confirmatory for COVID-19; therefore, the SCHD is not offering these types of tests.
How long do test results typically take?
Results are generally available by the afternoon of the next weekday (see table below). These testes are not antibody tests, but show if you have a current infection.
|Clients Sampled On:||Test Results Available Online Afternoon Of:|
|Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday||Next weekday (excluding County holidays)|
|Friday by 1 p.m.||Saturday|
|Friday after 1 p.m., Saturday, Sunday||Monday|
What is a close contact?
You are considered a “close contact” if any of the following situations happened while you were with a person who has tested positive for COVID-19 – even if they did not have symptoms:
- You were within 6 feet of the person for 10 minutes or more
- You had contact with the person’s respiratory secretions (sneezing, coughing, sharing a drinking glass, food, towels or other personal items, kissing)
- You live with the person or stayed overnight for at least one night in the person’s house
- You participated in activities that increase respiration (breathing rate), such as sports or singing, with someone who was positive.
What is modified quarantine?
Beginning December 7, 2020, Sedgwick County residents exposed to COVID-19-positive people may quarantine for a shortened length of time, following CDC and KDHE guidelines. Previously, close contacts and travelers had to quarantine and monitor symptoms for 14 days until they could leave their home and return to in-person work. The new guidance applies to people who are close contacts or who have traveled and who do not have COVID-19 symptoms. This guidance does not apply to people who have tested positive.
7-Day quarantine for people who may have been exposed but have no symptoms and get tested
- Monitor yourself for symptoms for a full 14 days. Infection can develop through Day 14.
- If you have no symptoms by Day 6, get a PCR test. You can check the testing locator website to find a testing location near you.
- Antigen and antibody tests are not allowed for this purpose.
- If the test is negative, and you do not develop symptoms, you can leave in-home quarantine after 7 full days (which is on Day 8).
- If you have not received the results of your PCR test on Day 8, you should remain in-home quarantine until you get your results.
10-Day quarantine for people who have been exposed, but have no symptoms and do not wish to be tested
- Monitor yourself for symptoms for a full 14 days. Infection can develop through Day 14.
- If you have no symptoms during the first 10 days, you can be released from quarantine without a test on Day 11.
- If you develop no symptoms, or decide to be tested while in quarantine, you can check the testing locator website to find a testing location near you.
- If you decide to be tested and do not have symptoms, the Health Department recommends that you wait until Day 6 or 7 of quarantine to ensure that the level of virus in your body would be detectable.
- If you test positive, even if you have no symptoms, you can spread the virus and should remain at home in isolation for 10 days from the date you were sampled.
Modified Disease Investigation
The Health Department has modified their disease investigation protocol, prioritizing case investigations based on the level of risk for spread of the disease.
- Disease investigators will investigate all positive cases in the following priority order: cases tested by the Health Department, cases reported from clusters and potential clusters, cases reported from schools, cases in school-aged children (not reported by schools), and other cases as resources will allow.
- To help contain the spread of disease, if you test positive, you should reach out to your own close contacts and let them know of their potential exposure and about the 7- and 10-day in-home modified quarantine under the guidance above.
When can a person who tests positive resume normal activities?
The person can return to normal activities 10 days after symptoms started or 72 hours symptom free, whichever is longer.
Should I be concerned about pets or other animals and COVID-19?
To date, CDC has only a few reports of pets or other animals becoming sick with COVID-19. If you are sick, limit contact with pets and other animals. Though the risk of animals spreading COVID-19 is low, animals can spread other diseases to people. Wash your hands after being around animals.
Should I avoid animals or animal products imported from China?
CDC does not have any evidence to suggest that animals or animal products imported from China pose a risk for spreading COVID-19 in the United States. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.
I'm having trouble finding child care services and I need to go back to work. What are my options?
You can contact Child Care Aware of Kansas at 1-877-678-2548 if you need help finding licensed child care options. Additionally, the following child care arrangements do not require a license from KDHE:
- Children receiving care in their own home
- Children cared for by relatives
- Anyone (friend, teacher, relative) caring for 2 children for less than 20 hours per week
For More Information:
Sedgwick County Health Department Epidemiology Program
1900 E. 9th St.
Wichita, KS 67214