Wastewater - Sedgwick County Only
Three Types of Wastewater Systems in Sedgwick County:
Lagoons, Septic and Advanced/Alternative systems are regulated by MABCD for unincorporated areas of Sedgwick County. The required soil testing, soil survey, and groundwater depth information will determine the type of system to be installed, as well as construction standards for that system. Each system is designed not only to dispose of wastewater but to treat it in order to protect the natural resources of Sedgwick County.
Sedgwick County Onsite Wastewater Construction Standards for Septic, Lagoons and Advanced/Alternative systems.
Septic Systems are typically installed in areas where the soil is generally sandy. A passing percolation rate of 0-60 minutes/inch is required to install a septic system. In cases where there are environmental concerns a higher level of treatment may be required.
How to Maintain a Septic System:
- Conserve Water!
- Repair Leaks
- Spread out water usage over the day
- Install water conservation fixtures
- Try to spread laundry out over the week
- When tank is pumped, replace baffles with sanitary tees if needed.
Do not put these items down the drain:
- Egg shells/coffee grounds
- Kitty litter
- Glass or metal
- Waste chemicals/paints
- Divert downspouts and rainwater from drain field
- Do not park vehicles on drain field
Lagoons are constructed on lots with soils with higher clay content. A failing percolation rate of 60+ minutes/inch indicates lagoon soils. The minimum lot size for lagoon installation is five acres. On some older platted additions with lots less than five acres and soils better suited for lagoons, a septic system or alternative will be required.
How to Maintain a Lagoon
Mowing - the top and water side of embankment should be mowed so the grass is shorter than 6 inches
Water depth - Water depth of at least three feet keeps rooted plants from growing. The lagoon should be free of rooted and floating plants. Keep at least 18 inches of water above the sludge for best lagoon performance.
Trees/woody plants - Remove trees from within 50 feet of lagoon to keep leaf debris out, to avoid shading the lagoon surface, and to help control tree roots. It also allows better air circulation across the lagoon surface.
Fencing - The lagoon shall be fenced. Keep the fence in good repair so animals and children cannot get through.
- Lagoon Maintenance
- Lagoon Sizing, Setbacks and Construction Standards
- Fence Requirements For Wastewater Lagoons in Sedgwick County
- Twinning Covenant
Alternative Advanced Treatment Systems are systems that treat the wastewater to a higher quality, and it is then dispersed into the soil for final treatment and disposal. The dispersal method will be some type of pressurized distribution. These systems may be required in all types of soils due to environmental issues.
- Advanced Wastewater System Restrictive Covenant
- If waivers or restrictive covenants are needed they will need to be filed and copies provided to the MABCD before permits will be issued.
Find Advanced Wastewater Installers and Service Providers in Sedgwick County
Find Wastewater Contractors in Sedgwick County
If the property has been platted, much of this information will be on file. However if it is unplatted acreage, you will need to determine the status of that property before a wastewater permit can be issued. There are many questions to be answered:
- Does it need to be platted?
- Are there any floodplain issues that need to be resolved?
- Is there a minimum pad elevation for the structure?
- What soil work needs to be done for the wastewater system?
- Is the required documentation complete and recorded (if required)?
Homeowners may not pull a wastewater permit; a licensed wastewater installer must pull the wastewater permit. All wastewater systems must be installed by a licensed wastewater installer.
Properties that are located within 400 feet of public sewer are required to hook up to these services. If this is not feasible then a variance may be required to obtain a permit for an on-site wastewater system.
If sewer is not available, a permit for an on-site wastewater system must be obtained from MABCD. This includes permits for reconstruction or replacement of existing systems. For new construction, a wastewater permit must be obtained before MABCD will issue a building permit.
Cities and businesses that release wastewater to any surface water must obtain a permit from the Kansas Department of Health and Environment.
Sedgwick County requires soil testing to be completed for all parcels of land for new construction. Soil testing that may be required are boreholes, soil profiles. This testing is to be performed by a professional, experienced in these testing procedures. In order to obtain a list of approved professionals please contact this office. All soil testing is to be done in the area proposed for the on-site wastewater system. & outside of all floodplains and easements.
A homeowner may apply for a waiver from these requirements if they feel that adequate testing has been completed on the property around them. Contact MABCD for specifics.
For more information, contact the Metropolitan Area Building and Construction Department at (316) 660-1840.